So a priest at my local church on Peng Chau worked in China for 9 years and then...suddenly shipped to HK. He doesn't talk about it much (Polish, grew up under communism, he knows the rules). However, I suspect things were getting dicey when his order pulled him out for somewhere safer (not many priest arrests on Peng Chau...).
The CCP has raised hundreds of millions of people out of poverty in the last 50 years, people who had been living under a system of feudal surfdom for millennia.
The Catholic Church, more than almost any other organisation in the World, has spent most of the last two millennia labouring to keep most people in darkness and surfdom.